by David Stewart
tires. wheels image by Cristian Ilie Ionescu from Fotolia.com
Spinning vehicle tires can help them last longer, improve mileage per gallon, and make driving safer. This is a simple procedure that you can perform on your own by following the procedure specified in the vehicle’s operation manual. The tires come with a tire pressure monitoring system that helps alert you to tire pressure levels. The oldest type of TPMS unit was indirect, based on the wheel speed sensors of the antilock braking mechanism. Current mandatory TPMS units operate on a different principle and therefore care must be taken during the rotation process of tires equipped with such units.
It includes the TPMS unit. Before beginning the procedure for rotating tires, study your operation manual to understand where the TPMS unit is located. This unit consists of a pressure transducer that is located inside the wheel. It detects tire pressure and transmits that data to bodywork receivers. This data transfer is wireless. In most cases, the TPMS sensor is connected to the base of the valve stem, but some systems can connect it via a band to the rim. Study your operation manual to find out where the TPMS sensor is connected.
Remove the tires. Make sure the tire sensors are working properly by performing a diagnostic check. Raise the front and rear of the car so that all four wheels are off the ground. Remove the lug nuts from each wheel with a lug wrench, and then remove the wheels and tires. Take care during disassembly to ensure that the TPMS sensor is not damaged.
Rotate the tires. Decide on the rotation pattern based on whether your car is rear wheel drive or front wheel drive. For front-wheel drive, roll the front tires back in a straight line and cross the rear tires while placing them on the front axle. For rear-wheel drive, move the rear tires forward in a straight line and cross the front tires while riding behind. Start to mount the tires slowly in the proper position. Avoid movement of the rim without the tire, as it can cause the sensor head to come off. After assembly is complete, tighten the lugs. Lower the car to ground level.
Restart the TPMS unit. For the TPMS unit to indicate the correct position of the tire with high or low pressure, it is essential to reprogram the receiver. If you don’t, the system will still indicate the faulty pressure, but in the wrong position. Refer to the instructions in your operation manual and follow the specified procedure to reset the TPMS unit.
- If the tires on your vehicle have the older type of pressure monitoring system that uses the antilock braking system, it is not necessary to reprogram the system after spinning the tires.
Articles will need
- Hydraulic floor jack
- cat stand