Garbage trucks have evolved from simple garbage collection cars to expensive machines with complex technology. Modern garbage trucks come in various styles, each designed to collect garbage under certain conditions. The mechanical systems and special parts of a garbage truck are what allow it to fulfill this purpose.
At the heart of every garbage truck are its driving basics. These are the parts common to all trucks, including the frame, engine, and wheels. Since a garbage truck is designed to carry heavy loads when full, all of these items must be strong. Most garbage trucks have diesel engines and transmissions that allow a large amount of torque at low revs. This means limited top speed but better carrying capacity and overall durability. Garbage trucks also feature a cab of some kind, in which the driver (and in some cases other garbage collection workers) can sit while the truck is in motion. The cab contains many of the truck’s controls, including all those used for normal driving, although other controls can be placed on the outside of the vehicle for convenience.
Garbage trucks collect garbage in a container that generally comprises most of the vehicle’s mass, known as a hopper. Hoppers can consist of a single large open space or a series of compartments to collect different types of garbage. Garbage truck hoppers can also be called compactors in cases where a baler sheet is used. The baler knife is used to compress the garbage in order to make more space inside the hopper. The baler knives are controlled by a hydraulic system capable of exerting great pressure on the trash. Some modern garbage trucks can use their packing shovels while driving, so that the garbage is compressed between stops and leaves room for adding more. It is the hopper and baler sheet that distinguish garbage trucks from other types of vehicles or from the multipurpose cars and trucks that preceded the modern garbage truck.
Common types of garbage trucks
The different varieties of garbage trucks have specific components that allow them to function in a certain type of garbage collection. Rear loaders are the most common type of garbage truck and are used in most neighborhoods to collect trash containers that residents leave on the street. These trucks have a rear opening to the hopper and sometimes use a hydraulic lift to lift and unload the trash containers into the hopper. This life is often controlled by a series of buttons and levers that are attached to the exterior of the vehicle and can be operated by a garbage collector in sight of the containers being emptied. Front loaders are often used to collect waste from dumpsters and serve many large buildings or businesses. These trucks have a raising and lowering mechanism in front of the truck cab. These forks are designed to fit into the corresponding holes in the dumpster and lift it over the stunt, leaving it at the top of the hopper. The forks of a front loader are generally controlled by a joystick located inside the cab.
Other types of garbage trucks
Another type of garbage truck is the side loader, which, as the name implies, features a hopper that can be accessed through one or more doors on the side of the truck. Recycling trucks, which can include multiple hoppers for different types of pre-sorted waste, are often built in the side-loading configuration. Side loaders can include an automatic lifting mechanism, like a rear loader, or forks like a front loader. Another type of garbage truck is the suction truck, which features a pneumatic tube that acts like a large vacuum to suck up waste from specially designed containers.
Garbage Truck Safety
Because of its need to be so powerful, the baler sheet is the most dangerous part of a garbage truck. The garbage collector is routinely included among the most dangerous occupations, and this is why. Although most garbage trucks come with a number of safety features, and waste management companies require their workers to …