The Toyota 1KD-FTV engine has a cast iron block with cylinder bores of 96.0 mm (3.78 in) and a piston stroke of 103.0 mm (4.06 in) for a capacity of 2.982 cc (182 cu in). The compression ratio is 15.0-17.9: 1. The engine used an aluminum cylinder head with a double overhead camshaft (DOHC) with 16 valves (4 per cylinder).
The 1KD-FTV is equipped with “Direct Injection 4-Stroke Common Rail Diesel Engine” (D-4D), Variable Nozzle Turbocharger (VNT) CT16V with intercooler and ERG system.
The Toyota 1KD-FTV produced from 136 PS (100 kW; 134 HP) at 3,400 rpm to 190 PS (140 kW; 188 HP) at 3,400 rpm of peak power and from 300 Nm (30.6 kgm, 221 , 1 ft · lb) at 2,400 rpm up to 420 N · m (42.8 kg · m, 309.5 ft · lb) at 4,000 rpm of maximum torque.
The engine code breakdown is as follows:
- 1 – 1st generation engine
- KD – Engine family
- F – Economical narrow angle DOHC
- T – turbocharged
- V – Common Rail D-4D direct injection system (diesel)
|Displacement||3.0 liters, 2.982 cmtwo, (182 cubic feet)|
|Fuel system||Common Rail 4-stroke diesel engine with direct injection|
|Power adder||Variable Nozzle Turbocharger (VNT) CT16V|
From 136 PS (100 kW; 134 HP) at 3,400 rpm
From 300 Nm (30.6 kgm, 221.1 ftlb) @ 2400 rpm
|Order to open fire||1-3-4-2|
|Dimensions (L x H x W):||–|
The 1KD-FTV engine used a deep skirt cast iron cylinder block with 96.0 mm (3.78 in) cylinder bore and 103.0 mm (4.06 in) of piston stroke. The compression ratio rating is 15.0: 1, 16.0: 1, or 17.9: 1.
The crankshaft has eight counterweights and five trunnions, while the pin and trunnion threads are finished by rolling. To reduce noise, vibration and harshness, the crankshaft pulley is equipped with a rubber torsional damper. The 1KD-FTV engine uses two counter-rotating balance shafts that are driven by the crankshaft timing gear.
The 1KD-FTV engine has aluminum alloy pistons with resin coated skirts. Each piston is equipped with two compression rings and a single oil ring.
|Cylinder Block Alloy||Molten iron|
|Compression ratio:||15.0: 1, 16.0: 1 or 17.9: 1|
|Cylinder bore:||96.0 mm (3.78 inches)|
|Piston stroke:||103.0 mm (4.06 inches)|
|Number of piston rings (compression / oil):||2/1|
|Number of main bearings:||5|
|Cylinder bore inner diameter:||96.000-96.010 mm (3.7795-3.7799 inches)|
|Piston skirt diameter||95.920-95.930 mm (3.7764-3.7768 inches)|
|Piston ring side clearance:||Top||0.091-0.135 mm (0.0036-0.0053 inch)|
|Second||0.090-0.130 mm (0.0035-0.0051 inch)|
|Petroleum||0.030-0.070 mm (0.0012-0.0028 inch)|
|Piston Ring End Gap:||First||0.270-0.390 mm (0.0106-0.0154 inch)|
|Second||0.470-0.570 mm (0.0185-0.0224 inch)|
|Petroleum||0.200-0.400 mm (0.0079-0.0157 inch)|
|Piston pin outside diameter||33.996-34.008 mm (1.3384-1.3389 inches)|
|Connecting Rod Small End Diameter (Standard)||34.012-34.024 mm (1.3391-1.3395 inches)|
|Diameter of main crankshaft journal:||69.994-70.000 mm (2.7557-2.7559 inches)|
|Crankpin diameter:||58,994-59,000 mm (2.3226-2.3228 inches)|
|Crankshaft Center Distance:||51.5 mm (2.03 inches)|
Main bearing cap adjustment procedure and torque specifications:
- Step 1: 50 Nm; 5.1 kg · m; 37 ftlb
- Step 2: Turn all screws 90 °
After securing the bearing cap bolts, make sure the crankshaft turns smoothly by hand.
Connecting rod bearing nut
- Step 1: 35 Nm; 3.6 kg · m; 26 ftlb
- Step 2: Turn all screws 90 °
Crankshaft pulley bolt
- 365 Nm; 37.0 kg · m; 268 ftlb
Flywheel fixing bolts (M / T)
- 145 Nm; 14.8 kg · m; 107 ftlb
Drive plate fixing bolts (A / T)
- 178 Nm; 18.2 kg · m; 131 ftlb
The 1KD-FTV has a one-piece, double overhead camshaft (DOHC) high-strength aluminum cylinder head. The cylinder head is mounted on …