Anesthetists have multiple roles; His job is about more than just “putting people to sleep”. In addition to surgical interventions, they are specialists in long-term pain relief (pain medicine), intensive care and emergency situations in which they can intervene in resuscitation and advanced life support.
These professionals intervene in both major and minor operations.
His contact with patients begins with the previous clinical evaluation. You need to make sure the patient is healthy enough to survive the surgery, consider any risks or difficulties that may arise during the procedure, explain the type of anesthesia, and answer the patient’s questions.
Anesthesiologists can administer medication in a number of ways, depending on the type of procedure, the physical condition, and preferences of the patient, and the equipment, staff, and other facilities available to the hospital. They will also discuss the benefits and risks of each method.
When it is time for surgery, the medical staff takes the patient to the anesthesia room, usually on a bed or stretcher. In preparation for the anesthesia, the anesthetist is supported by a specialized nurse or a doctor from the surgical department. Employees must wear colored overalls and have their hair covered with a “hat”.
The anesthetist will then conduct another medical examination. They connect the patient with a physiological monitoring team: They put adhesive plasters on the chest in order to monitor the heart with an electrocardiogram and to measure blood pressure and oxygen levels.
Anesthetists administer medicine, salt, sugar, or blood through the vein by inserting a needle into the vein on the back of the hand or arm.
The procedure followed below will vary depending on the type of anesthesia used:
- A small part of the body is put to sleep under local anesthesia. The anesthetist gives it by drip, spray, ointment or injection. The patient stays awake but does not feel any pain.
- Regional anesthesia (“blocks”) is used to numb larger or deeper parts of the body. It is given by injection and it relieves pain even though the patient remains awake.
- General anesthesia induces the patient to become unconscious in a controlled manner. It is injected or given through a mask placed on the patient through which he breathes an anesthetic gas and oxygen.
Then the medical staff takes the patient …