Biotechnologists play an important role in health care and are concerned with the production of hormones, vaccines and antibodies.
For example, they use their knowledge of genetics and biochemistry to produce artificial insulin from genetically modified bacteria, a hormone that is lacking in diabetics.
They can use their genetic knowledge to identify and code the genome of a disease-causing organism in that organism so as to identify and code a gene that causes certain disease effects, for example by inserting DNA so that the gene can make proteins not produced necessary to develop the disease.
Biotechnologists also study hereditary diseases and identify the genetic factors involved in their development. This allows them to more accurately predict the likelihood that a person will develop diseases like Huntington’s disease or breast cancer.
Knowledge of genetics is very important for agriculture, and an important area of research worldwide is the genetic modification of crops. Biotechnologists can transfer individual genes from other species to a crop in order to add or remove specific properties of that crop.
This can, for example, increase the culture’s resistance to diseases and pests or its tolerance to drought or extreme temperatures.
Biotechnology has advantages for food production, especially in developing countries where large amounts of crops are lost to pests and diseases.
Biotechnologists conduct long-term experiments to study the effects of genetically modified plants on human health and the environment.
Biotechnology is playing an increasingly important role in environmental protection, including waste management, recycling and environmental protection. For example, biotechnologists can use microorganisms to break down wastewater.
The use of microorganisms to break down certain industrial wastes and remove chemical contaminants is currently expanding.
Biotechnologists research and develop biodegradable plastics and have developed bioethanol and biodiesel, fuels made from certain grains that could reduce the use of fossil fuels.
Biotechnology has long focused on the food and beverage industry as it is essential for making beer, yogurt, bread, and cheese. Today biotechnologists are developing new additives, preservatives and meat substitutes for vegetarians.
Biotechnologists spend a lot of time doing tests and analyzing results in the laboratory, …