One of the strategies that can help address the diversity of students in the classroom is to teach them to evaluate their own learning. Self-evaluation can and should be an instrument that makes it easier to observe, respect and evaluate the different learning rhythms according to the different characteristics of the student. Characteristics related to, for example: skills, learning styles, cognitive strategies, previous experience and knowledge, motivation, attention, emotional and social adaptation, etc.
Self-evaluation is the strategy par excellence for responsible education and for learning to appreciate, criticize and reflect on the individual teaching and learning process of the student (Calatayud, 2002; 1999). The main advantages of a true self-assessment include the following:
a) It is one of the means for the student to know and become aware of his or her individual progress in the teaching and learning process;
b) helps students take responsibility for their activities while developing self-management skills;
c) It is a fundamental motivating and reinforcing factor for learning;
d) It is a strategy that allows the teacher to know how to judge learning, the content worked on in the classroom, the methodology used, etc.
e) It is a learning activity that helps to reflect individually on the teaching and learning process carried out;
f) It is a strategy that can replace other forms of evaluation. In order to take diversity into account, it is necessary to use different assessment tools to try to assess the development of each student’s skills. Self-assessment can be another strategy in this assessment process.
g) It is an activity that helps to deepen a greater self-awareness and understanding of the process being carried out and
h) It is a strategy that allows the student to have autonomy and self-control.
For all of the above reasons, there is no doubt that the student’s self-evaluation can and should be used as a strategy to address the variety of interests, needs, and learning rhythms of the student.
Some guidelines for intervention to address diversity through self-assessment
As we argued earlier, self-assessment is a …