A suitable one Teaching strategy it does not guarantee instant success, but it does allow laying the groundwork for medium and long term learning as it teaches the student how to learn.
In general, we can distinguish between three types of Teaching strategies:
- Preschool strategies. They create a context for the student in which to approach what they want to learn and the method they will use to do it. It is the point at which the goals to be achieved at the end of the degree are determined, be it an educational cycle, a full degree or a shorter period of time. This also includes methods such as brainstorming or brainstorming, which have a function of generating earlier ideas.
- Coinstructive Strategies. It is the core of the teaching process, the part where the student accesses the information and where it is necessary to keep them motivated and constantly alert. In them, content is conceptualized through illustrations, nested questions, etc.
- After-class strategies. There is space here for summaries of the topic, concept maps, analysis of what has been learned and even a critical examination of what has been learned. It is the moment when last doubts are dispelled and ways to expand the knowledge that has already been incorporated are suggested.
In addition to these types of strategies, we can also talk about others aimed at linking new content with others already established and others aimed at organizing the information provided.
The dynamic of the lesson is supported by certain strategies:
- Definition of learning objectives.
- Use of summaries.
- Elaboration of illustrations and infographics.
- Orientation with guides.
- Nested question rotations to get attention.
- Use of discursive references.
- Making analogies.
- Presentation of concept maps and text structures.
The classic teaching strategy was based on the transfer of knowledge from the teacher to the student with a special focus on memorizing knowledge. The exams are the main source for …