It is very possible that some of those who read us daily have on some occasion had curious to try that GNU / Linux we are talking about so from time to time, but either you do not have enough knowledge to try to install it on your own or you simply do not finish trusting the various tutorials of all the colors that you can find on the net.
That is why today we are going to start a series of articles in Genbeta to try to make the most inexperienced users can get started in the world of GNU / Linux, and in which we will teach you the basic notions to know how to handle yourself with these distributions. Today we will start with the basics: make a partition on your hard drive and install Ubuntu along with Windows 7.
Why Ubuntu and why Windows 7? Simply because on the one hand because Windows 7 is the most widely used operating system today, while Ubuntu in turn is also one of the most popular GNU / Linux distributions and with a more active community, so that those who decide to make the leap to it will have an easier time finding a solution to their problems.
Finally and before going into the matter, I would ask you not to have any shame in asking any questions, no matter how basic it may seem. You will see that in the comments there will be very experienced people not only will they correct any of the things I say, but they will also help you to solve any doubts that may arise. In addition, your questions can also give us clues about what you need to know to help you in future publications.
10 MOST DANGEROUS COMMANDS for Windows, Mac, Linux
Making room for the new tenant
To begin with, it is advisable to always have Windows 7 installed on your computer first, do next a partition on the hard drive to make a hole for the GNU / Linux distro that you want to install, and then proceed to the installation. That is precisely what we are going to do today.
In this way, the first thing to do is access Control Panel, click on Security system and within Management tools click on “Create and format hard disk partitions”. To save us the steps too we can write the latter directly in the search engine that appears when you click on the start menu.
Once there we will only have to right click on the C: drive. choose option Dicrease the volume and choose the size of the space you want to reduce, which is what we will use later to install Ubuntu. As you will see, the process is very simple, and the program will show us in real time how much free space we are going to have after performing the operation.
Once accepted Windows will take care of the rest of the process, and once the partition is finished we will see how the space that we have chosen appears as unallocated. That means that we are ready for the next step, and that we can now visit the official Ubuntu page to download the distro and proceed to install it.
Preparing the installation USB
Once we enter the download section of the Ubuntu website, we are given a choice between the LTS version of the operating system or the latest stable. As we are going to prioritize stability and long-term maintenance, we will opt for the first one by downloading Ubuntu 14.04.2 LTS. To do this we will only have to press the button Download and skipping the donations page by clicking on Not now, take me to the download so that the download starts automatically.
Once the download is finished, we will only need a USB and a program to help us rip the Ubuntu ISO that we just downloaded into it. In this issue each one will have their preferences, but I’m going to use Rufus 2.2. The application is simple because you do not have to install anything, we will only have to run the program as administrator rufus-2.2.exe.
Rufus is as easy to use as any other program to mount ISOs on USB drives. We will only have to choose the USB where it says device and almost completely click on the DVD icon that appears in the box where it says ISO image Y find the Ubuntu .iso file. Once this is done, all you have to do is press the start button and wait a few seconds.
Now there is only one last step, install Ubuntu. For this we have to put the USB in our computer when it is off. Then we will turn it on and press the default button of our equipment so that the dialog that appears allow us to choose from which unit to start. In the case of mine it is the F11, but it can change depending on the computer.
When the USB is running, the first thing we will have to do is choose our language and click on Install Ubuntu. Next we will see the option to configure the WiFi. This is convenient to do so that during the installation process the system is updated, but if we are in a hurry and we prefer to do that later, nothing will happen if we do not configure it from the beginning.
After going through another screen in which we can choose whether to download updates or third-party software while the download is in progress, the one in which we are given options to install Ubuntu will finally appear. Here the normal thing is that the system recognizes Windows and We will see the option to install next to Windows 7. But also if this is not the case, things will get a bit complicated, and we will have to choose the option More options and click Install Now.
Creating the partitions
By doing this, the system will recognize the free space of the partition that we have made before, and we will have to manually perform the partitions of the system. This can be done in a number of ways, but we will separating the root / and / home folder, which is like My Documents, so that if the operating system needs to be repaired, we don’t lose our personal files along the way.
We will start by creating the root partition, to which you do not need to put too many gigs by taking care of only the basic files. To configure it we will have to click on free space in the partition table, and in the first two options choose Primary Y At the beginning of space, for later use it as ext4 filesystem and choose / as a mount point.
Next we will create another logical partition that is also mounted at the beginning of the space, and in which in addition to using it as an ext4 file system we will mount it in / home. This partition will be the one that has the weight of our documents, photographs and music, so it is recommended that you put as much space as possible.
Finally, if our system has low RAM memory we can also create another partition that instead of ext4 filesystem is a exchange area to take care of supporting the RAM when it is not needed. We would have to dedicate double your RAM to this third partition, about 2 or 4 GB of memory at most, more or less about 2,000 or 4,000 MB in the table.
And that’s it, then you just have to go ahead with the installation and go configuring our password and username. If everything has gone well, the next time we start the computer, a menu will appear in which to select the operating system that we want to use, a good way to be able to use two or more on a single computer.
A server is an average GNU / Linux user who is not too skilled, and I have never tried to explain how to do this type of installation. Any questions you have, ask in the comments, and If you think that I have done something wrong, do not hesitate to correct me so that, together, we can make a guide as complete as possible.
In Genbeta | 31 Linux distributions to choose well the one you need the most
Suggest what you want to see in the section | Linux step by step: what do you want to see in the section?