A few days ago we talked to you about ‘Plandemic’, a documentary about the coronavirus pandemic that has generated great controversy for his pro-conspiracy theory stance and dangerous anti-mask advice.
Because of the latter, above all, large platforms such as YouTube, Vimeo or Facebook started a mass deletion campaign of that and other videos, intended to “prevent the spread of hoaxes” (to such an extent that copies of the video were even deleted from Google Drive accounts).
This has led many users to search alternative platforms that allow videos to be broadcast without depending on large companies They apply what they perceive to be strict content censorship policies.
And yes, there are several alternatives that allow you to broadcast all kinds of videos (although most continue to accept claims related to copyright, for example). And they are already using them:
From VHS to STREAMING everywhere
PeerTube is to YouTube what Mastodon is to Twitter: an open source web application, made up of multiple servers or ‘instances’ (in Fediverse terminology), all of them ‘federable’ with each other and based on peer-to-peer technology as a means of transmitting content.
This is, there is no single PeerTube, but multiple servers based on that application (as there are millions of WordPress-based blogs). Y each ‘peertube’ is managed by a different person or entity, each with their own rules regarding content moderation.
That supposes that a content that is not well received on a server will always have several alternatives to be hosted. In fact, that makes it easy for any media creator to create their own video portal.
On the cover of each instance there will be videos of those other friendly instances that its administrator has chosen to follow, but at the same time you will be able to restrict how many users are registered in yours and the disk quota reserved to each one. As with YouTube, registration is unnecessary if you are only looking to view videos.
“We cannot build free alternatives to YouTube, Dailymotion, Vimeo … using centralized software: a single organization cannot have enough money to pay for bandwidth and video storage.
So we need to start from a decentralized network, but by itself it is not enough: a video could become famous and overload the server; that is the reason why we need to use a P2P protocol to limit the server load.
Thanks to WebTorrent, we can use Bittorrent technology within the web browser [y así repartir la carga del archivo entre los distintos usuarios]”.
Brighteon is a project launched in July 2018 by the owner of NaturalNews (a ‘heterodox’ health information medium) with the explicit aim of become the “pro-free speech alternative to YouTube”.
In recent months it has experienced a remarkable traffic growth, having received in April more than 2.8 million visits. They refuse to monetize user data and claim to be financing only through the portal store.
For now, the portal maintains a video upload limit: every new user can upload up to 50 videos, a figure that is increasing progressively until the channel exceeds 20,000 views, at which point the user no longer has any limitation.
Most of the links to view ‘Plandemic’ that are moving through the Network refer to this website, what has generated that Facebook has included it in its ‘black list’ since last week and now it is impossible to share any link to Brighteon from the social network.
A year and a half before PeerTube was born, Ray Vahey already had the idea to use WebTorrent as the base technology that would allow to build an alternative to YouTube censorship. According to SimilarWeb, last April BitChute accumulated more than 20 million views, so it is not going astray.
A feature of BitChute is that makes it easy for users to make micro-donations to their favorite video creators through various payment processors, such as PayChute, Patreon or PayPal; Although the availability of the latter has been intermittent in recent times, having reached block BitChute for a time after accusing them of not filtering ‘extremist’ content.
Unlike Peertube, Bitchute is not based on a decentralized network, but has announced your intention to implement live streaming functions via a decentralized protocol in the future that prevents anyone (not those responsible for the website) from interrupting the connection.
NodeTube / NewTube
Peertube isn’t the only YouTube alternative with an instance-based models: NodeTube is a new contender in this field, although for now its best example is still the server managed by its creators, NewTube.app.
Its main differentiating element with respect to PeerTube is that already integrates live broadcasts and also allows you to upload audio and images, although as a counterpart it does not integrate the technology of ‘federation’ of the Fediverso (ActivityPub) and in fact its creator is declared “skeptical” of it.
You don’t even need to install it on your own server– If you have an account on Heroku (the Salesforce cloud), you can deploy your NodeTube instance in no time.
Other ‘alternative’ video steaming platforms that are beginning to attract user interest are those based on blockchain technology (which means even greater decentralization than that provided by the PeerTube model), which They are used to store an index of the content available and how to access it.or making use of P2P systems (normally IFPS).
Some include their own cryptocurrencies that we can achieve by publishing material or agreeing to store it on our computer. Projects like LBRY, Dtube or BitTube would enter this category.